Christianity Today’s recent editorial calling for the removal of President Trump from public office has drawn both enthusiastic support and bitter attacks from evangelicals. Some evangelicals on both sides of the debate, however, have agreed on one claim: President Trump has promoted religious freedom in the United States.
As the conversation moves forward, that claim needs to be examined further. A simple thought experiment is a good place to begin.
Imagine that a presidential candidate called for Christians to be banned from entering the United States simply because of their faith. Imagine that a president appointed and endorsed individuals who said Christians should not hold public office and circulated anti-Christian propaganda. Should that president’s record on religious freedom be applauded?
Of course not. Yet, while on the campaign trail, Trump called for “a total and complete shutdown of Muslims entering the United States,” and as president he has implemented a travel ban based on that call.
When discussing the first iteration of that policy, President Trump said Christian refugees should be favored over refugees of other faiths.
Trump has also sought to demonize an entire religious community in other ways. He has said, “I think Islam hates us,” and repeatedly promoted anti-Muslim propaganda. President Trump has endorsed and appointed individuals who have called for discrimination against Muslims and declared that “fear of Muslims is RATIONAL.”
Such actions and rhetoric should be condemned, not forgotten or swept under the rug.
It is no excuse to point out that ISIS and aligned groups and individuals have committed heinous attacks around the world. The appropriate response is to combat terrorism, not to discriminate against Muslims. Just as it would be wrong to blame the Christian community for the fact that the Tree of Life Synagogue attacker tried to justify mass murder with Bible verses, it is wrong to blame the Muslim community for those who do the same with the Quran.
The Trump administration should also be held accountable for its selective approach on other religious freedom issues. Attorney General William Barr has said the Trump administration “firmly supports accommodation of religion,” and it routinely grants religious conservatives’ requests for exemptions from applicable laws.
But the administration has taken a dramatically different approach to other free exercise claims, prosecuting religiously motivated individuals who have provided humanitarian assistance to migrants in deserts on the country’s Southwest border, for example. The administration also demanded that a Catholic diocese surrender part of its property for the construction of a border wall, despite the fact that the diocese opposes these actions for religious reasons.
An administration certainly does not have to grant every free exercise claim to be a bona fide proponent of religious freedom. But it is striking to see how differently free exercise claims are treated when they do not align with the administration’s policy priorities.
Evangelicals usually say they oppose government discrimination against particular faiths and support the use of uniform standards to evaluate free exercise claims. These actions by President Trump and his administration flunk such tests. No religious liberty advocate should hail President Trump as a champion or offer uncritical praise for his administration’s policies on these issues.
There are other important matters to discuss, including clashing claims for religious liberty and LGBT equality or reproductive rights. Americans likely will continue to differ over some of these issues, but it would serve the nation well if constructive exchanges could be encouraged on these topics, too.
In any case, religious liberty advocates should be able to agree on certain bedrock propositions. Especially with hate crimes and hostility toward certain faiths rising, all Americans must categorically reject fear-mongering on factors such as religion, race and ethnicity. And religious liberty advocates must demand freedom for all, not religious privilege for a few.
(Melissa Rogers is a visiting professor at Wake Forest University School of Divinity and a nonresident senior fellow at the Brookings Institution. Her book, “Faith in American Public Life,” was published in October 2019. The views expressed in this commentary do not necessarily reflect those of Religion News Service.)